Выступление в Центре Дэвиса российских и евразийских исследований в Гарвардском университете
17 февраля главный научный сотрудник ИАПР Андрей Яковлев представил новое исследование "Micro-level incentives and mechanism of import substitution in Russian public procurement system after 2014", подготовленное совместно с научным сотрудником ИАПР Юлией Родионовой.
Аннотация выступления. Our research, based on a large survey of manufacturing firms in 2018, showed that after the first wave of international sanctions imposed on Russia in 2014 along with direct preferences for domestic producers introduced by the government, Russian procurers developed specific mechanisms to stimulate import substitution and at the same time to keep appropriate quality of supply.
Contrary to initial expectations our empirical analysis showed that import of raw materials, components or equipment itself did not limit the access to public procurement for relevant suppliers. Procurers encouraged suppliers not to refuse to import (since firms without imports did not have any advantages), but rather to reorient their own purchases to markets where imports competed with Russian analogues and, if necessary, could be replaced by them. Import of modern equipment and technologies was very important for upgrading of Russian manufacturing industry in 2000-2010s. Therefore, the presence of imported inputs can be indirect attribute of higher quality of supply. However international sanctions of 2014 increased for Russian procurers the risks of supply disruptions.
The obtained results can be considered as an example of the adaptation of procurers at the micro level (outside the direct procurement regulation) to new market conditions. These findings may be important for the understanding how Russian economy did respond on much larger and severe international sanctions in 2022.