Цикл совместных семинаров по Разнообразию и Развитию
- Международный центр изучения институтов и развития НИУ ВШЭ (МЦИИР ВШЭ)
- Лаборатории исследования социальных отношений и многообразия общества РЭШ (ЛИСОМО РЭШ)
- Яковлев Андрей Александрович,
Директор Международного центра изучения институтов и развития
- Шломо Вебер,
Директор лаборатории исследования социальных отношений и многообразия общества
- Обсуждение современных работ в области политической экономики, с акцентом на эмпирические работы по тематике разнообразия и развития
- Знакомство с методами исследований в упомянутой области
- Создание профессиональной сети исследователей в упомянутой области
Первое заседание: 3 февраля 2015 года.
Периодичность: два раза в месяц.Докладчики: в роли докладчиков выступают сотрудники МЦИИР (НИУ ВШЭ) и ЛИСОМО (РЭШ), а также приглашенные гости.
Political Economy of Cross-Border Income Shifting: A Protection Racket Approach
Докладчик: Максим Ананьев, научный сотрудник University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research
Аннотация: Multinational firms often shift their incomes to low-tax jurisdictions, thus robbing host states of tax revenue. I offer a new theory to explain why some firms do this while others do not. I argue that firms that are more vulnerable to government expropriation are, counterintuitively, less likely to shift income offshore, since complying fully with tax law gives the government a greater stake in their survival. Analyzing a registry-based panel data on multinational firms, their tax burdens, and a cross-sectional information of the firms’ connections to tax havens, l find that, other things equal, firms with more concentrated fixed assets are less likely to use havens. These results challenge existing theories of the political economy of development. Whereas the “Pillars of Prosperity” theory suggests that successful states simultaneously develop protection of property rights and fiscal capacity, my results show that perfect property rights protection can actually undermine the state’s ability to tax. In a world of frictionless international capital flows, some level of expropriation risk may be necessary to prevent a fiscal crisis due to evasion.
Landed Elites and Education Provision in England: Evidence from School Boards, 1871-1899
Докладчик: Marc Goñi, профессор Венского университета
Аннотация: This paper studies the relationship between landownership concentration and human capital in nineteenth-century England. Using newly compiled data on a wide range of education measures for 40 counties and 1,387 local School Boards, I show a negative association between land inequality, state-sponsored education, and human capital accumulation. To establish causality, I exploit exogenous variation in the location of great estates coming from geographical differences in soil texture and from the redistribution of land after the Norman conquest of 1066. In doing so, I document a strong persistence in inequality over eight centuries. Next, I show that the estimated effects are stronger where landlords had political power and that, where landownership was concentrated, individuals’ demand for education also responded to state-education funding. This implies that land inequality distorted human capital because of the political opposition of landed elites to education provision and not because of economic inequality or the lack of private demand for education.
Persuasion on Networks
Докладчик: Константин Сонин, профессор экономики Университета Чикаго
Аннотация: We analyze persuasion in a model, in which each receiver (of many) might buy a direct access to the sender's signal or to rely on her network connections to get the same information. For the sender, a more biased signal increases the impact per subscriber (direct receiver), yet diminishes the willingness of agents to become subscribers. Contrary to the naive intuition, the optimal propaganda might target peripheral, rather than centrally located agents, and is at its maximum level when the probability that information flows between agents is either zero, or nearly one, but not in-between. The density of the network has a non-monotonic effect on the optimal level of propaganda as well.
The Logic of Fear: Populism and Media Coverage of Immigrant Crimes
Докладчик: Стефанос Влахос, профессор Департамента экономики Венского Университета
Аннотация: We study how news coverage of immigrant criminality impacted municipality-level votes in the November 2009 “minaret ban” referendum in Switzerland. The campaign, successfully led by the populist Swiss People’s Party, played aggressively on fears of Muslim immigration and linked Islam with terrorism and violence. We combine an exhaustive violent crime detection dataset with detailed information on crime coverage from 12 newspapers. The data allow us to quantify the extent of pre-vote media bias in the coverage of migrant criminality. We then estimate a theory-based voting equation in the cross-section of municipalities. Exploiting random variations in crime occurrences, we ﬁnd a ﬁrst-order, positive effect of news coverage on political support for the minaret ban. Counterfactual simulations show that, under a law forbidding newspapers to disclose a perpetrator’s nationality, the vote in favor of the ban would have decreased by 5 percentage points (from 57.6% to 52.6%).
A treaty for the rich and politically loyal? The political economy of center-regional treaties in Yeltsin’s Russia
Докладчик: Екатерина Паустьян, PhD Candidate в Центральном Европейском Университете (Венгрия)
Аннотация: The paper studies the factors accounting for the signing of a bilateral treaty with Moscow between 1994 and 1998. Combining actor-centered and institutional accounts, it examines an interplay of such factors as demanding sovereignty, having an elected executive, voting for Yeltsin in the 1996 presidential election, and having a donor status. Fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) reveals two combinations of factors sufficient for signing a treaty. They are voting for Yeltsin in the 1996 presidential election and being a donor region or not having an elected executive and voting for Yeltsin in the 1996 presidential election. These results suggest that at the late stage of the treaty signing process Yeltsin’s strategy of ‘executive bilateralism’ led to the formation of a broad coalition with both democratic and authoritarian subnational leaders. In the short run, this strategy allowed Yeltsin to win the 1996 presidential elections, yet in the long term, it had contributed to the emergence of authoritarian federalism in Russia in the 2000s.
Are some dictators more attractive to foreign investors?
Докладчик: Laurent Weill
Аннотация: Since political uncertainty is greater in dictatorship than in democracy, we test the hypothesis that foreign investors scrutinize public information on dictator to assess this risk. In particular, we assume they use five suitable dictators’ characteristics: age, political experience, education level, education in economics, and prior experience in business. We perform fixed effects estimations to explain FDI inflows on an unbalanced panel of 100 dictatorial countries from 1973 to 2008. We find that educated dictators are more attractive to foreign investors. We obtain strong evidence that greater educational attainment of the leader favors FDI. We also find evidence that education in economics of the leader enhances FDI. By contrast, age, political experience, and prior experience in business have no relationship with FDI. Our results are robust to several tests and checks, including the comparison with democracies.
Preemptive versus Counter Offers
Докладчик: Кемаль Киванч Акоз, доцент факультета экономических наук НИУ ВШЭ
Аннотация: We consider an ultimatum-game setup, which has two key non-standard features: (1) The responder has an initial fallback position, which is her private information (except for the complete-information case), and (2) she can improve her initial fallback position further by means of a costly investment, which does not improve the joint surplus and thus is a deadweight loss. There are two sources of inefficiency: disagreement possibility and the deadweight-loss investment. The proposer ends up either making a counter offer to the responder after finding out the responder's type as well as her best outside offer or makes a particular preemptive offer before her investment and thus before the uncertainty about her type is not resolved (except for the incomplete-information case). Thus, any preemptive offer aims for agreement before investment, which, if accepted, avoids the deadweight-loss investment, and thus inefficiency; if rejected, it always leads to inefficiency as players receive their fallback payoffs. A counter offer, on the other hand, always guarantees agreement, but only after investment cost is incurred, and thus it is inefficient. We consider the complete-information as well as the no- and noisy-information cases. We find that in the complete-information case the unique equilibrium offer is a preemptive offer which always achieves efficiency and leads to agreement. In the other cases, if the proposer's (prior or posterior) belief about the responder's type is not precise enough, he might prefer to wait to make a counter offer until after the responder makes her investment and receives outside offers. It turns out that more precise information reduces both types of inefficiency by leading to preemptive offers which are accepted with higher probability. We also show that our results are robust to various extensions such as risk aversion by players, multiple offers by the proposer, continuum of responder types and type-dependent investment costs.
Post-Communist Transition as a Critical Juncture: Political Origins of Institutional and Cultural Bifurcation
Докладчик: Леонид Полищук, профессор факультета экономическихнаук, ведущий научный сотрудник Института институциональных исследований НИУ ВШЭ
Аннотация: Quarter of a century after market reforms, transition countries exhibit vastly different economic and political institutions. We trace these differences to the political environments at the time of reforms, when restriction of checks and balances was considered instrumental to expediting unpopular transformations and protecting the reforms from populist backlash. However, the representation vacuum at the critical juncture of post-communist transition was filled by narrow interests, which established extractive institutions serving the elites, instead of inclusive institutions, which are in broad societal interests. Choices made at critical junctures were pivotal for subsequent institutional trajectories, and extractive and inclusive regimes sustained themselves over long periods. We use the number of “veto players” in the early 1990s as a measure of political ‘plurality’ of post-communist transition, and show that it is a consistently strong predictor of institutional quality over the ensuing quarter of a century. We also demonstrate that the same transition plurality measure explains cross-country differences in economic inequality across the post-communist region, and uneven social support of market and democracy, indicating ongoing “institutional learning”.
To Russia with Love? The Impact of Sanctions on Elections
Докладчик: Микеле Валсеки, доцент кафедры экономики в РЭШ
Аннотация: Do economic sanctions weaken the support for incumbent governments? To answer this question, we focus on the sanctions imposed on Russia after 2014 and estimate their effect on voting behavior in both presidential and parliamentary elections. For identification, we use cross-regional variation in (pre-determined) trade exposure to sanctioning and non-sanctioning countries and before-after voting data at both regional and district level. The sanctions caused an increase in support for the incumbent. Around 39 percent of the increase in the vote shares of the incumbent president and party can be explained by sanctions. This result is robust to alternative measures of sanction exposure, including a measure of trade loss, i.e., the difference between observed trade flows and counter-factual trade flows computed via a full-general-equilibrium gravity model. Absence of pre-trends, as well as several placebo estimations, support the validity of the identification assumption. We then explore several potential mechanisms, including propaganda, electoral fraud as well as standard demand-supply effects. Overall, while it is hard to evaluate all the potential motives that sanctioning countries might have had, our results suggest that economic sanctions are not an effective tool for reaching one of their primary goals and can actually backfire.
Do we know how relatively rich are we? Actual and perceived place in the income distribution
Докладчик: Евгения Чернина, младший научный сотрудник Центра трудовых исследований НИУ ВШЭ
Аннотация: The issue of inequality is hotly debated among academics as well as in society as a whole. One of the reasons for this attention is in the tentative influence that inequality can have on various dimensions of economic, political and social life. This hypothesis assumes implicitly that individuals have more or less correct understanding of actual variation in wealth and income in their countries and know their relative place in the distribution. However, a number of studies (e.g. Gimpelson and Treisman, 2018) show that population may misperceive the true level of inequality, and it is the perception of inequality, and not its true values, that affects behavior. Thus, the question arises how far individuals’ perceptions deviate from the true level of inequality and what factors shape the divergence. This study tries to answer these questions using the 2016 wave of the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of the Higher School of Economics. To analyze the discrepancy between subjective and objective inequality, we look at the gap between the subjective and objective positions of respondents in the welfare distribution. Further, using a wide range of individual, family and regional characteristics, we explore the discrepancy.
Market and Network Corruption
Докладчик: Алексей Ощепков, старший научный сотрудник Центра трудовых исследований НИУ ВШЭ
Аннотация: Economists tend to reduce all corruption to impersonal market-like transactions, ignoring the role of social ties in shaping corruption. In this paper, we show that this simplification substantially limits the understanding of corruption. We distinguish between market corruption (impersonal bribery), and network (or parochial) corruption which is conditional on the social connections between bureaucrats and private agents. We argue, both theoretically and empirically, that these types of corruption have different qualities. Using data from the Life in Transition Survey (LiTS) which covers all post-socialist countries we show, first, that the correlation between market and network corruption is weak, which implies that ignoring network corruption leads not only to an underestimation of the overall scale of corruption but also biases national corruption rankings. Secondly, in line with theoretical expectations, we find that network corruption is more persistent over time, less related to contemporary national socio-economic and institutional characteristics and has stronger historical roots than market corruption. Yet, network corruption, unlike bribery, is not able to ‘grease the wheels’ and is not associated with political instability. Lastly, we show that the decline in bribery which was observed in almost all post-socialist countries in the period from 2010 to 2016 was accompanied by rising network corruption in many of them, which has important policy implications.
Migration of Russian settlers and the legacy of interregional development in Kazakhstan
Докладчик: Дмитрий Веселов, старший научный сотрудник Центра трудовых исследований НИУ ВШЭ
Аннотация: The paper explores the effect of migration of Russian settlers on the intra-regional development in Kazakhstan. We use the 1897 census dataset of the Russian Empire and modern economic data to provide links between the density of the Russian population in Kazakhstan and the current level of economic development. Exploiting exogenous geographic and geopolitical sources of variation across twenty-six districts (uyezd) we provide the empirical evidence of positive impact of the migration of Russians in XVIII-XIX centuries on the current level of development. The paper discusses several channels of such influence: human capital formation channel and the Soviet Union industrialization policy.
Generalized Trust, Preferences for Redistribution and Institutions
Докладчик: Кун Схорс, профессор в Гентском университете
Аннотация: We study how institutional quality moderates the relationship between generalized trust and preferences for redistribution. It has been well established in the literature that generalized trust is conducive to greater support for redistribution because it reduces expectations of cheating and free-riding among others. Following Algan et al. (2016), we hypothesize that the effect of trust on preferences for redistribution is conditional on the quality of the institutional environment. Trusting individuals, that is, are hypothesized to be more supportive of redistribution in favor of target groups with a high propensity of free-riding (like the poor and the unemployed) if the institutional environment is more likely to detect and penalize free-riders. We test this hypothesis with data from the Life in Transition II survey that contains 38,000 thousand respondents from 35 transition and developed countries. We find that the effect of individual trust on supporting redistribution in favor of the poor and the unemployed depends indeed on the quality of the formal institutions in the environment, like the country-level control of corruption, the rule of law and government effectiveness. Trust and formal institutions are therefore complements with respect to their effect on preferences for redistribution. This relationship is not observed for groups conventionally thought of as unambiguously deserving or delineated with free-riding proof eligibility criteria, i.e. for the old, the disabled, and families with children. Additionally we find that trust under good institutions is associated indicating all beneficiary groups as deserving support.
Decentralization of Firms in a Country with Weak Institutions: Evidence from Russia
Докладчик: Ирина Левина, научный сотрудник ИАПР
Аннотация: In this paper, we study evidence from Russian firms to explore whether decentralization of firms can be successful under weak institutions. We introduce the concepts of real decentralization for the delegation of decision-making authority in firms to professional people hired though open competition, and of cautious decentralization – for the delegation to people hired through connections. We argue that real decentralization has a potential to significantly improve the efficiency of firms; benefits that real decentralization can yield to firms’ efficiency can be so important that they can outweigh agency costs of decentralization even under weak institutions. However, the higher the role of corruption for economic wellbeing of firms under weak institutions, the lower the firms’ returns on being economically efficient, and therefore, the lower the returns on real decentralization. Our empirical results demonstrate that really decentralized Russian firms are, on average, significantly more likely to implement investment. The gap in probability of investment between really decentralized and other Russian firms is very substantial under the low or medium values of corruption; however, the gap declines as corruption grows and becomes statistically insignificant under the very high values of corruption.
Enemies of the people
Докладчик: Герхард Тевс, профессор Российской экономической школы (РЭШ)
Аннотация: Enemies of the people were the millions of intellectuals, artists, businessmen, politicians, professors, landowners, scientists, and affluent peasants that were thought a threat to the Soviet regime and were sent to the Gulag, i.e. the system of forced labor camps throughout the Soviet Union. In this paper we look at the long-run consequences of this dark re-location episode. We show that areas around camps with a larger share of enemies among prisoners are more prosperous today, as captured by night lights per capita, firm productivity, wages, and education. Our results point in the direction of a long-run persistence of skills and a resulting positive effect on local economic outcomes via human capital channels.
Demographic Consequences of the 1933 Soviet Famine
Докладчик: Наталия Науменко, научный сотрудник Университета Брауна (США)
Аннотация: Using recently discovered archival data, this article studies the impact of the 1933 Soviet famine on population and urbanization patterns. It documents that, although most of the direct victims lived in rural areas, the famine had a persistent negative impact on the urban population. In fact, the rural population gradually recovered while urban settlements in more affected areas became permanently smaller. The paper argues that the shortage of labor during the crucial years of rapid industrialization hindered the development of cities in areas struck by the famine. Thus, the timing of the shock to population appears to be an important factor. While established urban networks tend to recover from large temporary negative shocks, the lack of people during construction and rapid growth might have a permanent negative impact.
"Moneyball game" and players' incentives in football
Докладчик: Инна Зайцева, научный сотрудник Научно-учебной лаборатории исследований спорта НИУ ВШЭ
Аннотация: The idea of “Moneyball” phenomenon originates from a number of cases in baseball when labour market undervalued specific player skills. Later on, in football was found an evidence of undervaluation of players’ effort, measured as the distance covered during a match. This fact raises a question on players incentives to exert different levels of effort in different games. The hypothesis of this research suggests that players can express their loyalty to the values of their club by increasing the level of effort in matches, which are considered as principal for the club. One of the explicit criteria for principal matches in football is a derby status of a game. This research demonstrates, that players in Bundesliga in season 2017-2018 exerted a greater level of effort in home derby games, which supports the idea of players’ loyalty to club’s values.
Partisanship as Tradition: Critical Junctures, Collective Memory and Persistent PartyIdentification
Докладчик: Арбатли Джемаль Эрэн, доцент, научный сотрудник Департамента теоретической экономики НИУ ВШЭ
Аннотация: Party loyalty can be motivated by various forces. Sometimes it is driven by instrumental motives and ideological leanings. At other times, it is better viewed as an expression of more enduring social and cultural identities transmitted across generations. We study the case of Sasun Armenians to illustrate this latter view. Our paper traces the origins of long-term party identi cation to a critical juncture in the local history of Sasun, a mountainous region of the Ottoman Empire located in Eastern Turkey. During the Great Massacres against Armenians at the end of the 19th century, Armenian residents of Sasun received armed support from the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) to defend their villages from military attacks. With the help of the ARF rebels, survivors of the Armenian Genocide (1915-1917) from Sasun region settled in various villages in modern-day Armenia. We show that the descendants of Sasun migrants strongly embrace the local legacy of their ancestral contact with the ARF. They are not only more likely to name their children after the ARF rebels who helped Sasun people in their armed struggle but they also are more likely to vote for the ARF today, although the party was not active in Armenia during the seven decades of the Soviet rule.
Varieties of Authoritarianism Matter: Elite Fragmentation, Natural Resources and Economic Growth
Докладчик: Ольга Васильева, старший научный сотрудник Амурской лаборатории экономики и социологии
Аннотация: A broad literature suggests that political regimes matter for the growth effect of natural resources. However, while several studies have concentrated on the difference between democracies and autocracies in this respect, an important topic overlooked so far is the differences between varieties of authoritarian regimes. This study uses the political variation across sub-national regions of the Russian Federation under Vladimir Putin to understand how differences in the extent of elite fragmentation in autocracies affects the influence of resource abundance on the economic growth in the short run. We find that polities with fragmented elites underperform those with consolidated elites and link this effect to higher intensity of rent-seeking and higher costs of fights over rents due to the shorter time horizon of the elites.
Dishonesty in healthcare practice: A behavioral experiment on upcoding in neonatology
Докладчик: Хайке Хенниг-Шмидт, главный научный сотрудник Международной лаборатории экспериментальной и поведенческой экономики НИУ ВШЭ и приглашенный исследователь в Университете Бонна (Германия)
Аннотация: Dishonest behavior significantly increases the cost of medical care provision. Upcoding of patients is a common form of fraud to attract higher reimbursements. Imposing audit mechanisms including fines to curtail upcoding is widely discussed among healthcare policy-makers. How audits and fines affect individual health care providers' behavior is empirically not well understood. To provide new evidence on fraudulent behavior in health care, we analyze the effect of a random audit including fines on individuals' honesty by means of a novel controlled behavioral experiment framed in a neonatal care context. Prevalent dishonest behavior declines significantly when audits and fines are introduced. The effect is driven by a reduction in upcoding when being detectable. Yet, upcoding increases when not being detectable as fraudulent. We find evidence that individual characteristics (gender, medical background, integrity) are related to dishonest behavior. Policy implications are discussed.
Beyond Thoughts and Prayers: The Christian Nationalism of the Gun Control Debate
Докладчик: Ананд Сохи, профессор Университета Колорадо в Боулдере
Аннотация: The U.S. has the 31st highest rate of non-conflict gun violence in the world, far outpacing its socio-economic peers. And, over the past decade, public debate over gun control in the United States has grown immensely. However, despite public outcry, there has been almost no traction on gun control. We investigate a previously understudied mechanism to address this puzzle: religion. Do Christian nationalist values impede many religious Americans from supporting gun control? In this paper we present multifaceted approach to the relationship between religion and gun control, drawing upon the integration of Christian nationalist views, partisanship, and clergy messaging. Our data comes from a May 2018 national sample of the United States, and we make comparisons to a 2007 national sample to assess consistency and change.
Beautiful Minds: Physical Attractiveness and Research Productivity in Economics
Докладчик: Ян Фидрмук, Senior Lecturer факультета экономики и финансов Лондонского Университета Брунеля
Аннотация: We study the impact of physical attractiveness of on productivity. Previous literature found a strong impact on wages and career progression, which can be either due to discrimination in favor of good-looking people or can reflect an association between attractiveness and productivity. We utilize a context where there is no or limited face-to-face interaction, academic publishing, so that scope for beauty-based discrimination should be limited. Using data on around 2,000 authors of journal publications in economics, we find a significantly positive effect of authors’ attractiveness on both journal quality and citations. However, the impact on citations disappears after we control for journal quality.
Leadership or Luck? Randomization Inference for Leader Effects
Докладчик: Крис Берри, профессор Университета Чикаго
Аннотация: Anecdotal evidence suggests that some political leaders are more effective than others, causing better outcomes for their citizens. However, observed differences in outcomes between leaders could be attributable to chance variation. To solve this inferential problem, we develop RIFLE, a quantitative test of leader effects. RIFLE allows researchers to test a null hypothesis of no leader effect and also estimate the proportion of variation in an outcome variable attributable to leaders vs. other factors, and it provides more statistical power and more reliable inferences than other strategies. To demonstrate the substantive value of RIFLE, we implement it for world leaders, U.S. governors, and U.S. mayors and for several outcomes. RIFLE can be applied to virtually any setting with leaders and an objective outcome of interest, so its continued application should improve our understanding of where, when, and why leaders matter.
The Politics of Inflation and the Distribution of Income in Early 1990s Russia
Докладчик: Крис Миллер, доцент школы им. Флетчера Университета Тафтса (США)
Аннотация: This paper will reexamine the failure to stabilize prices, making use of newly collected sources from the State Archive of the Russian Federation as well as Yegor Gaidar’s personal archive. First, the paper will examine the Gaidar team’s views of inflation in 1991 and their expectations and preferences for 1992 and 1993. Then, the paper will reconstruct debates about inflation and monetary policy during the crucial years of 1992 and 1993, illustrating the extent to which Russia’s legislature, the Verkhovny Sovet, demanded policies that made price stabilization impossible. Finally, the paper will explore the distributional effects of the inflation, concluding by noting that the inflation’s reduction of household well-being is consistent with the thesis that firms and their representatives in the Verkhovny Sovet pushed the policies that made inflation inevitable.
Who votes more strategically?
Докладчик: Энди Эггерс, доцент Департамента политики и международных отношений Оксфордского университета
Аннотация: Strategic voting is an important explanation for aggregate political phenomena, but we know little about how strategic voting varies across types of voters. Are richer voters more strategic than poorer voters? Does strategic behavior vary with age, education, gender or political leaning? The answers may be important for assessing how well an electoral system represents different preferences in society. We introduce a new approach to measuring and comparing strategic voting across voters that can be broadly applied given appropriate survey data. In recent British elections, we find no difference in strategic voting by education level, but we do find that older voters are more strategic than younger voters, richer voters are more strategic than poorer voters, and left-leaning voters are more strategic than right-leaning voters. In the case of age and income, the difference in strategic voting exacerbates known inequalities in political participation.
Shocking Racial Attitudes: Black GIs in Europe
Докладчик: Дэвид Шиндлер, доцент Тилбургского Университета
Autocratic Rule and Social Capital: Evidence from Imperial China
Докладчик: Мелани Мэн Сюэ, постдокторант Северо-Западного Университета (США)
Democratic Support for the Bolshevik Revolution: An Empirical Investigation of 1917 Constituent Assembly Elections
Докладчик: Андрей Маркевич, Профессор Российской экономической школы
Pocket book motivation in voting in Russia
Докладчик: Абанокова Ксения, младший научный сотрудник Центра комплексных исследований социальной политики (НИУ ВШЭ)
Institutional Quality and Social Policy Preferences: Experimental Evidence
Докладчик: Маркес Израэл, доцент Департамента политической науки ВШЭ и научный сотрудник МЦИИР
Homeownership, regime support, and civic engagement in four post-Soviet societies
Докладчик: Тед Гербер, профессор департамента социологии Висконсинского университета в Мадисоне (США)
War and Well-Being in Transition: Russo-Georgian Conflict as a Natural Experiment
Докладчик: Гюнеш Гокмен, доцент РЭШ
Testosterone and Repression in Non-Democracies: Evidence from a Sample of Russian Governors
Докладчик: Владимир Козлов, доцент Института демографии НИУ ВШЭ
Cereals, Appropriability and Hierarchy
Докладчик: Луиджи Паскали, доцент Университета Помпеу Фабра (Барселона, Испания)
The importance of the grain problem in the Russian Revolution and for the next 40 years of Soviet Economic
Докладчик: Стивен Уиткрофт, профессор Школы исторических и философских исследований Мельбурнского Университета, Австралия
Autocratic Constitutions and Leadership Succession in Dictatorial Regimes
Докладчик: Анне Менг, доцент департамента политологии Университета Виргинии (США)
Popular Perceptions and the De Facto Role of Political Parties in the Euromaidan Protests of 2013-2014
Докладчик: Джулиан Уоллер, аспирант Университета Джорджа Вашингтона и ассоциированный исследователь МЦИИР
Managed Civil Society and the Realities of Police Oversight in Russia
Докладчик: Лорен Маккарти, доцент Массачусетского Университета в Амхерсте и ассоциированный исследователь МЦИИР
Full versus binary menus: What are the welfare gains?
Докладчик: Филипп Ганьепен, профессор Парижской школы экономики и Университета Париж 1 Пантеон-Сорбонна
Do institutions cause social trust? Evidence from an institutional reform
Докладчик: Денис Иванов, научный сотрудник МЦИИР НИУ ВШЭ
Elections, Protest and Trust in Government: A Natural Experiment from Russia
Докладчик: Екатерина Борисова, ведущий научный сотрудник Международного центра изучения институтов и развития и доцент Департамента прикладной экономики НИУ ВШЭ
Distributional comparative statics for auctions and beyond
Докладчик: Константин Сорокин, доцент Департамента математики и старший научный сотрудник Международной научно-учебной лаборатории анализа и выбора решений НИУ ВШЭ
Calculating Corruption: Political Competition and Bribery under Authoritarianism
Докладчик: Ноа Бакли-Фарли , научный сотрудник (пост-докторант) Международного центра изучения институтов и развития НИУ ВШЭ
Does Independent Media Matter in a Non-Democratic Election? Experimental Evidence from Russia
Докладчик: Михаэль Рохлиц, доцент Департамента политической науки НИУ ВШЭ
Corruption perception and competition in public procurement: empiricalevidence from Russian regions
Докладчик: Елена Подколзина, доцент Департамента прикладной экономики и старший научный сотрудник Института институциональных исследований НИУ ВШЭ
Agglomeration effects in Russian manufacturing
Докладчик: Татьяна Михайлова, доцент Экономического факультета и старший научный сотрудник Института прикладных экономических исследований РАНХиГС
Institutional Quality and Social Policy Preferences
Докладчик: Израэл Маркес, доцент Департамента политической науки НИУ ВШЭ
Collectivization of Soviet agriculture and 1932-1933 famine
Докладчик: Наталья Науменко, аспирант Северо-Западного Университета
How Transparency Kills Information Aggregation: Theory and Experiment
Докладчик: Найэл Хьюс, научный сотрудник Уорикского университета
The recipe for democracy? Improvement in diet as a structural prerequisite for political change
Докладчик: Андрей Щербак, доцент ВШЭ-Санкт-Петербург
If Only Citizens Had a Cue: The Process of Opinion Formation over Time
Докладчик: Томас Липер, профессор Лондонской школы экономики
Bridging or Bonding? Preferences for Redistribution and Social Capital in Russia
Докладчик: Денис Иванов, научный сотрудник МЦИИР
All Along the Watchtower: Linear Defenses and the Introduction of Serfdom in Russia
Докладчик: Андреа Матранга, профессор РЭШ
The Value of Statistical Life in a Dictatorship
Докладчик: Андрей Маркевич, профессор РЭШ
The Varieties of Democracy Project: Theory, Methodology and Applications
Докладчик: Кайл Маркуардт, постдокторант Гётеборгского университета
Identity, ethnicity and conflict: Social and political exclusion and civil war onset
Докладчик: Кайл Маркуардт, постдокторант Гётеборгского университета
The Power of Religion: Organized Religion and Power Inequality across World Societies
Докладчик: Гюнеш Гокмен , профессор экономики, РЭШ
Minorities and business: the case Russian of Old Believers
Докладчик: Василий Русанов, стажер-исследователь Института институциональных исследований
Spatial competition with intermediaries
Докладчик: Сергей Измалков, профессор РЭШ
Eqilibrium taxation under income uncertainty
Докладчик: Алексей Захаров, доцент Департамента теоретической экономики НИУ ВШЭ
Trade Shocks, Taxes, and Inequality
Докладчик: Дуглас Кэмпбелл, профессор экономики, РЭШ
Institutions and Visa Regimes
Докладчик: Леонид Полищук, профессор Департамента прикладной экономики и заведующий Научно-учебной лабораторией прикладного анализа институтов и социального капитала НИУ ВШЭ
Материалы доклада: Institutions and Visa Regimes
Dark Side Of Incentives: Evidence From A Randomized Control Trial In Uganda
Докладчик: Dagmara Celik Katreniak, PHD candidate at CERGE-EI and a Lecturer at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration in Moscow
Материалы доклада: Dark Side Of Incentives
Community of Attorneys and the Quality of Law Enforcement in Russian Regions
Докладчик: Антон Казун, преподаватель Департамента прикладной экономики, младший научный сотрудник МЦИИР НИУ ВШЭ
Geography of import transportation routes in Russia: the choice of an entry point
Докладчик: Татьяна Михайлова, доцент РЭШ
Property rights and inequality in non-democratic regimes: theory and evidence
Докладчик: Александр Яркин, преподававатель Факультета экономических наук НИУ ВШЭ
Minorities and Long-run Development: Persistence of Armenian and Greek Influence in Turkey
Докладчик: Gunes Gokmen, Assistant Professor of New Economic School
Материал доклада: AG-Paper-Master-Summer2015.pdf
Institutional Quality and Individual Preferences for Social Policy
Докладчик: Israel II Marques
The Stolypin Reform and Agricultural Productivity in Late Imperial Russia
Докладчик: Professor Paul Castañeda DOWER (NES)
Shaking hands in public. What elite co-appearances tell us about the politics behind the scenes
Докладчик: Франциска Келлер, PhD-candidate New York University
Материал доклада: Shaking hands.pdf
How persistent are consumption habits: Micro-evidence from Russia” (joint with Lorenz Kueng)
Докладчик: Evgeny Yakovlev, Assistant Professor at the HSE School of Applied Economics — Faculty of Economics
Risk Taking in the Local Public Sector: Explaining Participation Decision in a sector-led improvement exercise of Swedish municipalities
Докладчик: Tim Jaekel, Assistant Professor at the HSE School of Public Administration — Faculty of Social Sciences
Winning Hearts and Minds: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Afghanistan
Докладчик: Рубен Ениколопов, профессор РЭШ
Performance Incentives and Economic Growth: Regional Officials in Russia and China
Докладчик: Михаэль Рохлиц, доцент факультета социальных наук НИУ ВШЭ
Материалы доклада: Rochlitz.pdf
On the Breakup of Nations: the Case of a Large Federal State
Докладчик: Алексей Хазанов, научный сотрудник ЛИСОМО РЭШ
The Political Roots of Intermediated Lobbying: Evidence from Russian Firms and Business Associations
Докладчик: А.В. Говорун, младший научный сотрудник Лаборатории анализа взаимоотношений бизнеса и власти Института анализа предприятий и рынков НИУ ВШЭ
Материалы доклада: The Political Roots of Intermediated Lobbying.pdf
Climate-Driven Technical Change: Seasonality and the Invention of Agriculture
Докладчик: Андреа Матранга, докторант Университета Помпеу Фабра
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