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Цикл совместных семинаров по Разнообразию и Развитию

Организаторы:

  • Международный центр изучения институтов и развития НИУ ВШЭ (МЦИИР ВШЭ) 
  • Лаборатории исследования социальных отношений и многообразия общества РЭШ (ЛИСОМО РЭШ)

Руководители:

Цель:

  • Обсуждение современных работ в области политической экономики, с акцентом на эмпирические работы по тематике разнообразия и развития
  • Знакомство с методами исследований в упомянутой области
  • Создание профессиональной сети исследователей в упомянутой области

Первое заседание: 3 февраля 2015 года.

Периодичность: два раза в месяц.

Докладчики: в роли докладчиков выступают сотрудники МЦИИР (НИУ ВШЭ) и ЛИСОМО (РЭШ), а также приглашенные гости.

2019 
12 февраля
Докладчик: Дмитрий Веселов, старший научный сотрудник Центра трудовых исследований НИУ ВШЭ
Аннотация: The paper explores the effect of migration of Russian settlers on the intra-regional development in Kazakhstan. We use the 1897 census dataset of the Russian Empire and modern economic data to provide links between the density of the Russian population in Kazakhstan and the current level of economic development. Exploiting exogenous geographic and geopolitical sources of variation across twenty-six districts (uyezd) we provide the empirical evidence of positive impact of the migration of Russians in XVIII-XIX centuries on the current level of development. The paper discusses several channels of such influence: human capital formation channel and the Soviet Union industrialization policy.  

5 февраля
Докладчик: Кун Схорс, профессор в Гентском университете
Аннотация: We study how institutional quality moderates the relationship between generalized trust and preferences for redistribution. It has been well established in the literature that generalized trust is conducive to greater support for redistribution because it reduces expectations of cheating and free-riding among others. Following Algan et al. (2016), we hypothesize that the effect of trust on preferences for redistribution is conditional on the quality of the institutional environment. Trusting individuals, that is, are hypothesized to be more supportive of redistribution in favor of target groups with a high propensity of free-riding (like the poor and the unemployed) if the institutional environment is more likely to detect and penalize free-riders. We test this hypothesis with data from the Life in Transition II survey that contains 38,000 thousand respondents from 35 transition and developed countries. We find that the effect of individual trust on supporting redistribution in favor of the poor and the unemployed depends indeed on the quality of the formal institutions in the environment, like the country-level control of corruption, the rule of law and government effectiveness. Trust and formal institutions are therefore complements with respect to their effect on preferences for redistribution. This relationship is not observed for groups conventionally thought of as unambiguously deserving or delineated with free-riding proof eligibility criteria, i.e. for the old, the disabled, and families with children. Additionally we find that trust under good institutions is associated indicating all beneficiary groups as deserving support. 

2018
18 декабря
Decentralization of Firms in a Country with Weak Institutions: Evidence from Russia
Докладчик: Ирина Левина, 
научный сотрудник ИАПР
Аннотация: 
In this paper, we study evidence from Russian firms to explore whether decentralization of firms can be successful under weak institutions. We introduce the concepts of real decentralization for the delegation of decision-making authority in firms to professional people hired though open competition, and of cautious decentralization – for the delegation to people hired through connections. We argue that real decentralization has a potential to significantly improve the efficiency of firms; benefits that real decentralization can yield to firms’ efficiency can be so important that they can outweigh agency costs of decentralization even under weak institutions. However, the higher the role of corruption for economic wellbeing of firms under weak institutions, the lower the firms’ returns on being economically efficient, and therefore, the lower the returns on real decentralization. Our empirical results demonstrate that really decentralized Russian firms are, on average, significantly more likely to implement investment. The gap in probability of investment between really decentralized and other Russian firms is very substantial under the low or medium values of corruption; however, the gap declines as corruption grows and becomes statistically insignificant under the very high values of corruption.

11 декабря 
Enemies of the people  
Докладчик: Герхард Тевс, профессор Российской экономической школы (РЭШ)
Аннотация:
 Enemies of the people were the millions of intellectuals, artists, businessmen, politicians, professors, landowners, scientists, and  affluent peasants that were thought a threat to the Soviet regime and were sent to the Gulag, i.e. the system of forced labor camps throughout the Soviet Union. In this paper we look at the long-run consequences of this dark re-location episode. We show that areas around camps with a larger share of enemies among prisoners are more prosperous today, as captured by night lights per capita, firm productivity, wages, and education. Our results point in the direction of a long-run persistence of skills and a resulting positive effect on local economic outcomes via human capital channels.

4 декабря
Demographic Consequences of the 1933 Soviet Famine
Докладчик: Наталия Науменко, научный сотрудник Университета Брауна (США)
Аннотация: Using recently discovered archival data, this article studies the impact of the 1933 Soviet famine on population and urbanization patterns. It documents that, although most of the direct victims lived in rural areas, the famine had a persistent negative impact on the urban population. In fact, the rural population gradually recovered while urban settlements in more affected areas became permanently smaller. The paper argues that the shortage of labor during the crucial years of rapid industrialization hindered the development of cities in areas struck by the famine. Thus, the timing of the shock to population appears to be an important factor. While established urban networks tend to recover from large temporary negative shocks, the lack of people during construction and rapid growth might have a permanent negative impact.  

20 ноября
"Moneyball game" and players' incentives in football 
Докладчик: Инна Зайцева, научный сотрудник Научно-учебной лаборатории исследований спорта  НИУ ВШЭ
Аннотация: The idea of “Moneyball” phenomenon originates from a number of cases in baseball when labour market undervalued specific player skills. Later on, in football was found an evidence of undervaluation of players’ effort, measured as the distance covered during a match. This fact raises a question on players incentives to exert different levels of effort in different games. The hypothesis of this research suggests that players can express their loyalty to the values of their club by increasing the level of effort in matches, which are considered as principal for the club. One of the explicit criteria for principal matches in football is a derby status of a game. This research demonstrates, that players in Bundesliga in season 2017-2018 exerted a greater level of effort in home derby games, which supports the idea of players’ loyalty to club’s values.

13 ноября
Partisanship as Tradition: Critical Junctures, Collective Memory and Persistent PartyIdentification
Докладчик: Арбатли Джемаль Эрэн, доцент, научный сотрудник Департамента теоретической экономики НИУ ВШЭ
Аннотация: Party loyalty can be motivated by various forces. Sometimes it is driven by instrumental motives and ideological leanings. At other times, it is better viewed as an expression of more enduring social and cultural identities transmitted across generations. We study the case of Sasun Armenians to illustrate this latter view. Our paper traces the origins of long-term party identi cation to a critical juncture in the local history of Sasun, a mountainous region of the Ottoman Empire located in Eastern Turkey. During the Great Massacres against Armenians at the end of the 19th century, Armenian residents of Sasun received armed support from the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) to defend their villages from military attacks. With the help of the ARF rebels, survivors of the Armenian Genocide (1915-1917) from Sasun region settled in various villages in modern-day Armenia. We show that the descendants of Sasun migrants strongly embrace the local legacy of their ancestral contact with the ARF. They are not only more likely to name their children after the ARF rebels who helped Sasun people in their armed struggle but they also are more likely to vote for the ARF today, although the party was not active in Armenia during the seven decades of the Soviet rule. 

16 октября
Varieties of Authoritarianism Matter: Elite Fragmentation, Natural Resources and Economic Growth
Докладчик: Ольга Васильева, старший научный сотрудник Амурской лаборатории экономики и социологии
Аннотация: A broad literature suggests that political regimes matter for the growth effect of natural resources. However, while several studies have concentrated on the difference between democracies and autocracies in this respect, an important topic overlooked so far is the differences between varieties of authoritarian regimes. This study uses the political variation across sub-national regions of the Russian Federation under Vladimir Putin to understand how differences in the extent of elite fragmentation in autocracies affects the influence of resource abundance on the economic growth in the short run. We find that polities with fragmented elites underperform those with consolidated elites and link this effect to higher intensity of rent-seeking and higher costs of fights over rents due to the shorter time horizon of the elites.

9 октября
Dishonesty in healthcare practice: A behavioral experiment on upcoding in neonatology
Докладчик: Хайке Хенниг-Шмидт, главный научный сотрудник Международной лаборатории экспериментальной и поведенческой экономики НИУ ВШЭ и приглашенный исследователь в Университете Бонна (Германия)
Аннотация: Dishonest behavior significantly increases the cost of medical care provision. Upcoding of patients is a common form of fraud to attract higher reimbursements. Imposing audit mechanisms including fines to curtail upcoding is widely discussed among healthcare policy-makers. How audits and fines affect individual health care providers' behavior is empirically not well understood. To provide new evidence on fraudulent behavior in health care, we analyze the effect of a random audit including fines on individuals' honesty by means of a novel controlled behavioral experiment framed in a neonatal care context. Prevalent dishonest behavior declines significantly when audits and fines are introduced. The effect is driven by a reduction in upcoding when being detectable. Yet, upcoding increases when not being detectable as fraudulent. We find evidence that individual characteristics (gender, medical background, integrity) are related to dishonest behavior. Policy implications are discussed.

11 сентября
Beyond Thoughts and Prayers: The Christian Nationalism of the Gun Control Debate 
Докладчик: Ананд Сохи, профессор Университета Колорадо в Боулдере
Аннотация: The U.S. has the 31st highest rate of non-conflict gun violence in the world, far outpacing its socio-economic peers. And, over the past decade, public debate over gun control in the United States has grown immensely. However, despite public outcry, there has been almost no traction on gun control. We investigate a previously understudied mechanism to address this puzzle: religion. Do Christian nationalist values impede many religious Americans from supporting gun control?  In this paper we present multifaceted approach to the relationship between religion and gun control, drawing upon the integration of Christian nationalist views, partisanship, and clergy messaging. Our data comes from a May 2018 national sample of the United States, and we make comparisons to a 2007 national sample to assess consistency and change.

19 июля
Beautiful Minds: Physical Attractiveness and Research Productivity in Economics
Докладчик: Ян Фидрмук,
Senior Lecturer факультета экономики и финансов Лондонского Университета Брунеля
Аннотация: We study the impact of physical attractiveness of on productivity. Previous literature found a strong impact on wages and career progression, which can be either due to discrimination in favor of good-looking people or can reflect an association between attractiveness and productivity. We utilize a context where there is no or limited face-to-face interaction, academic publishing, so that scope for beauty-based discrimination should be limited. Using data on around 2,000 authors of journal publications in economics, we find a significantly positive effect of authors’ attractiveness on both journal quality and citations. However, the impact on citations disappears after we control for journal quality. 

31 мая 
Leadership or Luck? Randomization Inference for Leader Effects
 
Докладчик: Крис Берри, профессор Университета Чикаго
Аннотация: Anecdotal evidence suggests that some political leaders are more effective than others, causing better outcomes for their citizens. However, observed differences in outcomes between leaders could be attributable to chance variation. To solve this inferential problem, we develop RIFLE, a quantitative test of leader effects. RIFLE allows researchers to test a null hypothesis of no leader effect and also estimate the proportion of variation in an outcome variable attributable to leaders vs. other factors, and it provides more statistical power and more reliable inferences than other strategies. To demonstrate the substantive value of RIFLE, we implement it for world leaders, U.S. governors, and U.S. mayors and for several outcomes. RIFLE can be applied to virtually any setting with leaders and an objective outcome of interest, so its continued application should improve our understanding of where, when, and why leaders matter.

23 мая
The Politics of Inflation and the Distribution of Income in Early 1990s Russia
Докладчик: Крис Миллер, доцент школы им. Флетчера Университета Тафтса (США)
Аннотация: This paper will reexamine the failure to stabilize prices, making use of newly collected sources from the State Archive of the Russian Federation as well as Yegor Gaidar’s personal archive. First, the paper will examine the Gaidar team’s views of inflation in 1991 and their expectations and preferences for 1992 and 1993. Then, the paper will reconstruct debates about inflation and monetary policy during the crucial years of 1992 and 1993, illustrating the extent to which Russia’s legislature, the Verkhovny Sovet, demanded policies that made price stabilization impossible. Finally, the paper will explore the distributional effects of the inflation, concluding by noting that the inflation’s reduction of household well-being is consistent with the thesis that firms and their representatives in the Verkhovny Sovet pushed the policies that made inflation inevitable.


22 мая
 
Who votes more strategically?
Докладчик: Энди Эггерс,
доцент Департамента политики и международных отношений Оксфордского университета
Аннотация: 
Strategic voting is an important explanation for aggregate political phenomena, but we know little about how strategic voting varies across types of voters. Are richer voters more strategic than poorer voters? Does strategic behavior vary with age, education, gender or political leaning? The answers may be important for assessing how well an electoral system represents different preferences in society. We introduce a new approach to measuring and comparing strategic voting across voters that can be broadly applied given appropriate survey data. In recent British elections, we find no difference in strategic voting by education level, but we do find that older voters are more strategic than younger voters, richer voters are more strategic than poorer voters, and left-leaning voters are more strategic than right-leaning voters. In the case of age and income, the difference in strategic voting exacerbates known inequalities in political participation.

17 апреля
Shocking Racial Attitudes: Black GIs in Europe
Докладчик: Дэвид Шиндлер, доцент Тилбургского Университета

20 марта
Autocratic Rule and Social Capital: Evidence from Imperial China
Докладчик: Мелани Мэн Сюэ, постдокторант Северо-Западного Университета (США)

13 марта
Democratic Support for the Bolshevik Revolution: An Empirical Investigation of 1917 Constituent Assembly Elections
Докладчик: Андрей Маркевич, Профессор Российской экономической школы

20 февраля
Pocket book motivation in voting in Russia
Докладчик: Абанокова Ксения, младший научный сотрудник Центра комплексных исследований социальной политики (НИУ ВШЭ)

6 февраля
Institutional Quality and Social Policy Preferences: Experimental Evidence
Докладчик: Маркес Израэл, доцент Департамента политической науки ВШЭ и научный сотрудник МЦИИР

2017

12 декабря
Homeownership, regime support, and civic engagement in four post-Soviet societies
Докладчик: Тед Гербер, профессор департамента социологии Висконсинского университета в Мадисоне (США)

5 декабря
War and Well-Being in Transition: Russo-Georgian Conflict as a Natural Experiment
Докладчик: Гюнеш Гокмен, доцент РЭШ

21 ноября
Testosterone and Repression in Non-Democracies: Evidence from a Sample of Russian Governors
Докладчик: Владимир Козлов, доцент Института демографии НИУ ВШЭ

24 октября 
Cereals, Appropriability and Hierarchy
Докладчик: Луиджи Паскали, доцент Университета Помпеу Фабра (Барселона, Испания)

10 октября
The importance of the grain problem in the Russian Revolution and for the next 40 years of Soviet Economic
Докладчик: Стивен Уиткрофт, профессор Школы исторических и философских исследований Мельбурнского Университета, Австралия

19 сентября
Autocratic Constitutions and Leadership Succession in Dictatorial Regimes
Докладчик: Анне Менг, доцент департамента политологии Университета Виргинии (США)

6 июня
Popular Perceptions and the De Facto Role of Political Parties in the Euromaidan Protests of 2013-2014
Докладчик: Джулиан Уоллер, аспирант Университета Джорджа Вашингтона и ассоциированный исследователь МЦИИР

30 мая 
Managed Civil Society and the Realities of Police Oversight in Russia
Докладчик: Лорен Маккарти, доцент Массачусетского Университета в Амхерсте и ассоциированный исследователь МЦИИР

16 мая 
Full versus binary menus: What are the welfare gains?
Докладчик: Филипп Ганьепен, профессор Парижской школы экономики и Университета Париж 1 Пантеон-Сорбонна

18 апреля
Do institutions cause social trust? Evidence from an institutional reform
Докладчик: Денис Иванов, научный сотрудник МЦИИР НИУ ВШЭ

28 марта
Elections, Protest and Trust in Government: A Natural Experiment from Russia
Докладчик: Екатерина Борисова, ведущий научный сотрудник Международного центра изучения институтов и развития и доцент Департамента прикладной экономики НИУ ВШЭ

14 марта
Distributional comparative statics for auctions and beyond
Докладчик: Константин Сорокин, доцент Департамента математики и старший научный сотрудник Международной научно-учебной лаборатории анализа и выбора решений НИУ ВШЭ

28 февраля
Calculating Corruption: Political Competition and Bribery under Authoritarianism
Докладчик: Ноа Бакли-Фарли , научный сотрудник (пост-докторант) Международного центра изучения институтов и развития  НИУ ВШЭ

14 февраля
Does Independent Media Matter in a Non-Democratic Election? Experimental Evidence from Russia
Докладчик: Михаэль Рохлиц, доцент Департамента политической науки НИУ ВШЭ

31 января 
Corruption perception and competition in public procurement: empiricalevidence from Russian regions
Докладчик: Елена Подколзина, доцент Департамента прикладной экономики и старший научный сотрудник Института институциональных исследований НИУ ВШЭ 

17 января
Agglomeration effects in Russian manufacturing
Докладчик: Татьяна Михайлова, доцент Экономического факультета и старший научный сотрудник Института прикладных экономических исследований РАНХиГС

2016

13 декабря 
Institutional Quality and Social Policy Preferences
Докладчик: Израэл Маркес, доцент Департамента политической науки НИУ ВШЭ

6 декабря
Collectivization of Soviet agriculture and 1932-1933 famine
Докладчик: Наталья Науменко, аспирант Северо-Западного Университета

29 ноября
How Transparency Kills Information Aggregation: Theory and Experiment
Докладчик: Найэл Хьюс, научный сотрудник Уорикского университета

15 ноября
The recipe for democracy? Improvement in diet as a structural prerequisite for political change
Докладчик: Андрей Щербак, доцент ВШЭ-Санкт-Петербург

1 ноября
If Only Citizens Had a Cue: The Process of Opinion Formation over Time
Докладчик: Томас Липер, профессор Лондонской школы экономики

10 октября
 Bridging or Bonding? Preferences for Redistribution and Social Capital in Russia
Докладчик: Денис Иванов, научный сотрудник МЦИИР

13 сентября
All Along the Watchtower: Linear Defenses and the Introduction of Serfdom in Russia
Докладчик: Андреа Матранга, профессор РЭШ
щз
07 июня
The Value of Statistical Life in a Dictatorship
Докладчик: Андрей Маркевич, профессор РЭШ

27 мая
The Varieties of Democracy Project: Theory, Methodology and Applications
Докладчик: Кайл Маркуардт, постдокторант Гётеборгского университета

24 мая
Identity, ethnicity and conflict: Social and political exclusion and civil war onset
Докладчик: Кайл Маркуардт, постдокторант Гётеборгского университета

26 апреля
The Power of Religion: Organized Religion and Power Inequality across World Societies
Докладчик: Гюнеш Гокмен , профессор экономики, РЭШ

12 апреля
Minorities and business: the case Russian of Old Believers
Докладчик: Василий Русанов, стажер-исследователь Института институциональных исследований

29 марта
Spatial competition with intermediaries
Докладчик: Сергей Измалков, профессор РЭШ

15 марта
Eqilibrium taxation under income uncertainty
Докладчик: Алексей Захаров, доцент Департамента теоретической экономики НИУ ВШЭ

1 марта
Trade Shocks, Taxes, and Inequality
Докладчик: Дуглас Кэмпбелл, профессор экономики, РЭШ

9 февраля
Institutions and Visa Regimes
Докладчик: Леонид Полищук, профессор Департамента прикладной экономики и заведующий Научно-учебной лабораторией прикладного анализа институтов и социального капитала НИУ ВШЭ
Материалы доклада: Institutions and Visa Regimes

 

2015 

15 декабря
Dark Side Of Incentives: Evidence From A Randomized Control Trial In Uganda
Докладчик: Dagmara Celik Katreniak, PHD candidate at CERGE-EI and a Lecturer at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration in Moscow
Материалы доклада:  Dark Side Of Incentives

17 ноября
Community of Attorneys and the Quality of Law Enforcement in Russian Regions
Докладчик: Антон Казун, преподаватель Департамента прикладной экономики, младший научный сотрудник МЦИИР НИУ ВШЭ

3 ноября
Geography of import transportation routes in Russia: the choice of an entry point
Докладчик: Татьяна Михайлова, доцент РЭШ

20 октября
Property rights and inequality in non-democratic regimes: theory and evidence
Докладчик: Александр Яркин, преподававатель Факультета экономических наук НИУ ВШЭ

6 октября
Minorities and Long-run Development: Persistence of Armenian and Greek Influence in Turkey 
Докладчик: Gunes Gokmen, Assistant Professor of New Economic School
Материал доклада: AG-Paper-Master-Summer2015.pdf

22 сентября
Institutional Quality and Individual Preferences for Social Policy
Докладчик: Israel II Marques
Материалы доклада

9 июня
The Stolypin Reform and Agricultural Productivity in Late Imperial Russia
Докладчик: Professor Paul Castañeda DOWER (NES)

20 мая
Shaking hands in public. What elite co-appearances tell us about the politics behind the scenes
Докладчик: Франциска Келлер, PhD-candidate New York University
Материал доклада: Shaking hands.pdf

28 апреля
How persistent are consumption habits:  Micro-evidence  from Russia”  (joint with Lorenz Kueng)
Докладчик: Evgeny Yakovlev,  Assistant Professor at the HSE School of Applied Economics — Faculty of Economics

14 апреля
Risk Taking in the Local Public Sector: Explaining Participation Decision in a sector-led improvement exercise of Swedish municipalities 
Докладчик: Tim Jaekel, Assistant Professor at the HSE School of Public Administration — Faculty of Social Sciences

31 марта
Winning Hearts and Minds: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Afghanistan
Докладчик: Рубен Ениколопов, профессор РЭШ 

17 марта
Performance Incentives and Economic Growth: Regional Officials in Russia and China
Докладчик: Михаэль Рохлиц, доцент факультета социальных наук НИУ ВШЭ
Материалы доклада: Rochlitz.pdf

3 марта
On the Breakup of Nations: the Case of a Large Federal State
Докладчик: Алексей Хазанов, научный сотрудник ЛИСОМО РЭШ

17 февраля
The Political Roots of Intermediated Lobbying: Evidence from Russian Firms and Business Associations
Докладчик: А.В. Говорун, младший научный сотрудник Лаборатории анализа взаимоотношений бизнеса и власти Института анализа предприятий и рынков НИУ ВШЭ
Материалы доклада: The Political Roots of Intermediated Lobbying.pdf

3 февраля
Climate-Driven Technical Change: Seasonality and the Invention of Agriculture
Докладчик: Андреа Матранга,  докторант Университета Помпеу Фабра
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